In the Permskaya technology of in-line haylage making all operations are equally important — otherwise you won’t get high-quality forage.
R12/155 SUPER baker — Herbage pressing
Density of roll pressing must be at least 350 kg/1 m³. It is required to displace air to the extent possible. Leftover oxygen is enough for herbage of such density so that residual respiration of plants consumed it having replaced by carbon dioxide. In case of failure to meet this requirement in the future forage bacteria will be generated.
R12/155 SUPER baler contracts herbage to required rates by 43 pressing rolls — it is a unique design feature of the machine manufactured by Krasnokamsky RMZ.
SPEEDWAY 12 high-speed bale wrapper — roll wrapping
Spindles of SPEEDWAY 12 wrapper are kinematically interconnected and rotate with different speeds. The film is stretched to 70% when passing between them. It is the limit value at which the film is stretching but not tears. Thus, agricultural stretch film is not excessively consumed, and package of roll is solid, free of holes and damages.
IRK-01 and IRK-01.1 roll cutting machines — forage cutting
When haylage ripens, the roll is opened removing the film. It holds its shape not falling into pieces, therefore it is not required to spread it to give forage to animals. I t is difficult to do it manually. IRK-01 and IRK-01.1 roll cutting machines unreel the roll and cut pressed herbage for equal sections at the same time.
Uniformity of cutting is crucial for bacterial population of animals’ digestive tract. Here is an example: on one of farms located in Perm Krai, IRK-01 cutter got out of order, and to feed cows a farmer had to use haylage grinded in mixer (ragged mass). As a result, milk yield reduced by 1,800 grams per head a day. Later the experience was intentionally repeated, the result was similar. This fact proves that uniform thickness of haylage section favourably affect digestion of animals and guarantees sustainable growth of milk yields.
In addition, it is essential that cutters of the Krasnokamsky RMZ are able to chaff any bales: not only haylage but also hay and straw.
If your fleet includes machines able to guarantee the mentioned result at each stage, surely you can buy selected equipment from the range manufactured by the Krasnokamsky RMZ. However, you must be sure that your equipment issues the product of required quality.
Our ancestors said, - Make hay while the sun shines. They did not know what is exactly occurring with a plant during a day, but they notices that animals like hay made early in the morning.
During a day chemical composition of leaves is changing. The greatest amount of nutritive substances in herbage is accumulated at 4.00-6.00 in the morning, and the lowest — at 12.00 to 4.00 p.m. You can mow at any time you want but nutritive value of forage will be far less than its natural potential.
In addition, it is important that plants mowed in the morning, when dew is on plant leaves, wilts quicker than herbage mowed in the daytime. Dew is not only atmospheric moisture fallen on leaves, but moisture that is released by leaves — in this way the plant actively gets rid of water. That means that by its inner resources the plant itself supports our intention to wilt it quicker.
Each extra hour of prewilting of green crops is lost sugar. If you do not pack forage in rolls in due time, sugar will be eaten by cells of the plant itself and bacteria living on leaves. The longer you wilt herbage — the more malignant bacteria will generate in it and the worse forage will be stored.
And another thing. The longer we wilt herbage, les residual respiration is left in the plant. But it is required to remove oxygen left in the roll. Quickly wilted herbage packed in the agricultural stretch film continues to breathe for some time, consumes oxygen and replaces it with carbon dioxide. In this way air-free space is created that is the key element of maturing and storage of forage.
No, you cannot do without turning! Uneven humidity of herbage brings farmer’s efforts to nought at the rest stages of the technology.
Within the first hour upon mowing herbage actively releases water, and if not to turn it humidity will not vaporize but stick among leaves. In areas of its accumulation moist “nests” are generated where pathogenic microorganisms are developing— the whole forage lot can be spoiled.
If moisture remains on leaves, rolls may freeze.
If you mow grain varieties, then a large reaper can be used but only along with a fluffer. It distributes mowed grass, and upon prewilting fork is used to collect it in swathes of required width. If the fluffer is not available, after the reaper a swath size makes difference — when the 11-meter reaper is used, the swath will not dry out evenly.
For bean cultures a grass-mowing machine with a conditioner must be used.
The film can be damaged by birds interested in blossom clusters and insects left on grass. Most often it happens with rolls collected at later vegetative stages.
The film is often disrupted at joints of rolls due to its poor quality. Such areas must be glued up with a special repair scotch tape.
To guarantee good quality of haylage its humidity must reach the level of 52%. At lower humidity feeds are also kept quite well, but it will rather be so called “soft” or “Moscow” hay.
There are recorded cases when farmers conserve packed silage i.e. succulent feed. But it is possible only for particular species and bacterial number in herbage, and subject to particular content of sugars in it.
Perfect choice is the film 25 micron thick.
Silotite Pro five-layer dense and wear-proof film (Belgium) 20 micron thick can also be used: it has already been stretched under special conditions and has extended length as compared to standard packing films. Additional length allows to pack a greater number of rolls with less breaks to change spools.
You should take a wooden frame of 25 by 25 cm, select 4 areas at a field with typical grass stand and cut plants 6 cm high from the ground level.
Then all collected herbage must be weighted, and an obtained number - multiplied by 100. Thus, you will get crop yield of herbage in hundredweight per ha.